The Moderating Effect of Multiple Groups Between Entrepreneurial Intention and its Influencing



Author:Wang, Shu-Mei, Chia-Yuan Hsu, and Wei-Chun Hung




In This paper is based on the Theory of Planned Behavior to examine the entrepreneurial intention of business students in Taiwan, and how the role of gender and the role of entrepreneurial education influence entrepreneurial intention. Data was collected by questionnaire from a sample of 500 students from National Taiwan University (NTU) Collage of Management. Our result shows that both males and females exhibit low entrepreneurial intention. Moreover, results indicate that male student’s entrepreneurial intention is stronger than female students, and students who participated in entrepreneurship program show higher entrepreneurial intention. We also found that the most significant predictors of entrepreneurial intention for both genders are personal attitude and perceived behavioral control. We considered that the role of gender stereotypes reduces female students’ entrepreneurial intention, and entrepreneurship education raises students’ entrepreneurial intention due to two skills: the scanning-and-search skill and the evaluation-and-judgment skill. This research contributes to test the entrepreneurial intention questionnaire developed from TPB and examine the moderating effect of gender differences and entrepreneurial education to EI. Practical implications and suggestions for further research are discussed.